At Thurton, we teach Phonics based on Letters and Sounds and we use Jollyphonics to teach actions and songs for each of the sounds that we learn. We teach Phonics in groups across Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 so that children can learn the phase that they need to developmentally.

During Phase 1 Phonics, the children focus on listening to sounds and making sounds with their voices. For example, listening to the  initial sounds of words, rhyming words and sounds within the environment. We begin this phase when the children first start school.

During Phase 2 and Phase 3, your child will learn sounds for each letter of the alphabet, as well as some digraphs (two letter sounds) e.g. th and sh. These  sounds are taught in a specific order because the children can then make words from the sounds within the first few days of learning them e.g. sat, tap, pin, nip, tin, is, it, in. We practise sounding out two letter and three letter words and try to blend the sounds together to read the word. We use games when teaching phonics using the interactive whiteboard and practical resources. has many games which can help to support children with their recognition, segmenting and blending of words.

During Phase 4, the children recap on the sounds previously learnt. The purpose of Phase 4 is to consolidate children’s knowledge of graphemes (letters) in reading and spelling words and work on words with more than one syllable.

During Phase 5, the children will learn alternative sounds for spelling for example – ai, a-e, ay.

Once the children are confident with all of the sounds, they move onto Phase 6. During this Phase, the children learn spelling patterns such as adding suffixes to the end of a word e.g. ed, ing, est. They also learn about adding prefixes to words such as un and dis.